Proyectos

Modernización de la industria automotriz

Este informe se pregunta cuál es el futuro del MERCOSUR tras cumplir sus primeros 25 años y qué debemos hacer para adaptarnos a la nueva era. Los futuros del MERCOSUR realiza un diagnóstico preciso de la situación del bloque regional y presenta ideas creativas para avanzar en un sendero de desarrollo sustentable que brinde opciones para fortalecer la integración en el presente escenario, en una convocatoria conjunta entre el Instituto para la Integración de América Latina y el Caribe (INTAL), del Sector de Integración y Comercio (INT) del BID, y la Red Sudamericana de Economía Aplicada.

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Alternative technological paths in new NR-related industries: the case of seeds in Argentina and Brazil

The article examines the accumulation of innovation capabilities in natural resource-related (NR) industries. More, specifically it addresses the case of seed firms operating in Argentina and Brazil by investigating both the level of capabilities attained and the type of technological paths followed by the examined firms. To address these issues, the paper presents exploratory case studies of eight seed firms in Argentina and Brazil, including private domestic and foreign firms as well as a public company. Our study shows that highly innovative seed firms have emerged in Argentina and Brazil, in connection with the recent expansion of the agricultural sector in both countries. They have developed advanced level of scientific and technological capabilities as well as some outstanding innovative outputs, however, in some cases, results suggest that some kind of non-technological capabilities have limited their ability to fully capture the rent generated by their innovations. The analysis also shows that firms have opted for different technological paths. Regulatory burdens, market and knowledge discontinuities and context-specific agro-ecological requirements contribute to explain the technological paths chosen. These findings raise important issues for research and policy, as they are crucial for understanding the effective development potential of newly developed and fast changing NR industries in developing countries.

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